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     Master Funakoshi was the father of Shotokan. 

     The term "Shotokan" was derived by Gihin Funakoshi's pen name which he used when writing poetry and philosophical writings for his students at the Okinawa Teachers College where he was a professor.  Funakoshi's pen name was "Shoto" meaning "pine waves".  The term "Kan" meaning "house" or "hall" added at the end of his pen name, became "Shotokan". 

     Shotokan was what Funakoshi's students named his first dojo in 1936 when they created a sign with it inscribed avove the doorway.  The dojo was located in Mejiro in a upscale residential area in Toshima, Toyko, Japan.  Funakoshi didn't officially give his type of karate a name, however, overtime Shotokan became the name associated with this style of karate.  

     Shotokan has a strong spirit, long low deep stances, and solid foundations of basic techniques.  Its emphasis is on kata, self-defense, or kumite (sparring), and kihon (basic techniques).  


     Master Nakayama was one of Master Funakoshi's students. 

     He also is the author of a series of karate books called,  The Best Karate Series.  There are 11 books total.  Each book emphasizes the fundamentals and comprhensive elements of karate, as well as kumite and 23 kata.